Transgender people have a gender identity or gender expression that differs from their assigned sex. Transgender is also an umbrella term: Being transgender is independent of sexual orientation: The term transgender is also distinguished from intersexa term that describes people born with physical sex characteristics "that do not fit typical binary notions of male or female bodies".
The degree to which individuals feel genuine, authentic, and comfortable within their external appearance and accept their genuine identity has been called transgender congruence. Most transgender people face discrimination in the workplace  and in accessing public accommodations,  and healthcare.
Oliven of Columbia University coined the term transgender in his reference work Sexual Hygiene and Pathologywriting that the term which had Mujer transgenero heterosexual definition been used, transsexualism"is misleading; actually, 'transgenderism' is meant, because sexuality is not a major factor in primary transvestism.
Bythe concept of a "transgender community" had developed, in which transgender was used as an umbrella term. A Movement Whose Time has Come", circulated inidentified transgender as a term to unify all forms of gender nonconformity; in this way transgender has become synonymous with queer.
Between the mids and the early s, the primary terms used under the transgender umbrella were "female to male" FtM for men who transitioned from female to male, and "male to female" MtF for women who transitioned from male to female. These terms have now been superseded by " trans man " and " trans woman ", respectively, and the terms "trans-masculine" or "trans-feminine" are increasingly in use.
Health-practitioner manuals, professional journalistic style Mujer transgenero heterosexual definitionand LGBT advocacy groups advise the adoption by others of the name and pronouns identified by the person in question, including references to the Mujer transgenero heterosexual definition person's past. In contrast, people whose sense of personal identity corresponds to the sex and gender assigned to them at birth — that is, those who are neither transgender nor non-binary or genderqueer — are called cisgender.
The term transsexual was introduced to English in by David Oliver Cauldwell[note 2] and popularized by Harry Benjamin inaround the same time transgender was coined and began to be popularized. However, the concerns of the two groups are sometimes different; for example, transsexual men and women who can pay for medical treatments or who have institutional coverage for their treatment are likely to be concerned with medical privacy and establishing a durable legal status as their gender later in life.
Distinctions between the terms transgender and transsexual are commonly based on distinctions between gender psychological, social and sex physical. In his book Transgender, an Ethnography of a Categoryanthropologist David Valentine asserts that transgender was coined and used by activists to include many people who do not necessarily identify with the term and states that people who do not identify with the term transgender should not be included in the transgender spectrum.
It notes that there are no universally-accepted definitions, and terminology confusion is common because Mujer transgenero heterosexual definition that were popular in at the turn of the 21st century may now be deemed offensive. The THP recommends that clinicians ask clients what terminology they prefer, and avoid the term transsexual unless they are sure that a client is comfortable with it.
Harry Benjamin invented a classification system for transsexuals and transvestites, called the Sex Orientation Scale SOSin which he assigned transsexuals and transvestites to one of six categories based on their Mujer transgenero heterosexual definition for cross-dressing and the relative urgency of their need if any for sex reassignment surgery.
There are also people who have had SRS but do not meet the definition of "transsexual", such as Gregory Hemingway. In addition to trans men and trans women whose binary gender identity is the opposite of their assigned sex, and who form the core of the transgender umbrella, being included in even the narrowest definitions of it, several other groups are included in broader definitions of the term.
These include people whose gender identities are not exclusively masculine or feminine but may, for example, be androgynousbigenderpangenderor agender —often grouped under Mujer transgenero heterosexual definition alternative umbrella term genderqueer  —and third-gender people alternatively, some references and some societies conceptualize transgender people as a third gender.
Genderqueer or non-binary identities, which are not exclusively masculine or feminine but instead may be agenderandrogynous, bigender, pangenderor genderfluid exist outside of cisnormativity. Limited forms of androgyny are common women wearing pants, men wearing earrings and are not seen as transgender behavior.
Androgyne is also sometimes used as a medical synonym for an intersex person. A transvestite is a person who cross-dressesor dresses in clothes typically associated with the gender opposite the one they were assigned at birth.
Gilbertprofessor at the Department of Philosophy, York UniversityToronto, offers this definition: These individuals are cross dressing but are not cross dressers. The majority of cross-dressers identify as heterosexual. The term transvestite and the associated outdated term transvestism are conceptually different from the term transvestic fetishismas transvestic fetishist describes those who intermittently use clothing of the opposite gender for fetishistic purposes.
Drag is a term applied to clothing and makeup worn on special occasions for performing or entertaining, unlike those who are transgender or who cross-dress for Mujer transgenero heterosexual definition reasons. Drag performance includes overall presentation and behavior in addition to clothing and makeup. Drag can be theatrical, comedic, or grotesque. Drag queens have been considered caricatures of women by second-wave feminism.
Drag artists have a long tradition in LGBT culture. Generally the term drag queen covers men doing female drag, drag king covers women Mujer transgenero heterosexual definition male drag, and faux queen covers women doing female drag.
Nevertheless, there are drag artists of all genders and sexualities who perform for various reasons. Some drag performers, transvestites, and people in the gay community have embraced the pornographically-derived term tranny to describe drag queens or people who engage in transvestism or cross-dressing; however, this term is widely considered offensive if applied to transgender people.
Intersex people have genitalia or other physical sex characteristics that do not conform to strict definitions of male or female, but intersex people are not necessarily transgender because they do not necessarily disagree with their assigned sex.
Transgender and intersex issues often overlap, however, because they may both challenge rigid definitions of sex and gender. The concepts of gender identity and transgender identity differ from that of sexual orientation. Despite the distinction between sexual orientation and gender, throughout history the gay, lesbian, and bisexual subculture was often the only place where gender-variant people were "Mujer transgenero heterosexual definition" accepted in the gender role they felt they belonged to; especially during the time when legal or medical transitioning was almost impossible.
This acceptance has had a complex history. Like the wider world, the gay community in Western societies did not generally distinguish between sex and gender identity until the s, and often perceived gender-variant people more as homosexuals who behaved in a gender-variant way than as gender-variant people in their own right. Today, members of the transgender community often continue to struggle to remain part of the same movement as lesbian, gay, and bisexual people and to be included in rights protections.
In addition, the role of the transgender community in the history Mujer transgenero heterosexual definition LGBT rights is often overlooked, as shown in Transforming History. Most mental health professionals recommend therapy for internal conflicts about gender identity or discomfort in an assigned gender role, especially if one desires to transition.
People who experience discord between their gender and the expectations of others or whose gender identity conflicts with their body may benefit by talking through their feelings in depth; however, research on gender identity Mujer transgenero heterosexual definition regard to psychology, and scientific understanding of the phenomenon and its related issues, is relatively new.
The validity of the diagnosis and its presence in the forthcoming ICD is debated. France removed gender identity disorder as a diagnosis by decree in  but according to French trans rights organizations, beyond the impact of the announcement itself, nothing changed. The DSM-5 refers to the topic as gender dysphoria while reinforcing the idea that being transgender is not considered a mental illness.
Transgender people may meet the criteria for a diagnosis of gender identity disorder GID "only if [being transgender] causes distress or disability. This diagnosis is often misinterpreted as implying that transgender people suffer from GID; this misinterpretation has greatly confused transgender people and those who seek to either criticize or affirm them. Transgender people who are comfortable with their gender and whose gender is not directly causing inner frustration or impairing their functioning do not suffer from GID.
Moreover, Mujer transgenero heterosexual definition is not necessarily permanent and is often resolved through therapy or transitioning. Feeling oppressed by the negative attitudes and behaviors of such others as legal entities does not indicate GID. GID does not imply an opinion Mujer transgenero heterosexual definition immorality; the psychological establishment holds that people with any kind of mental or emotional problem should not receive stigma.
The solution for GID is whatever will alleviate suffering and restore functionality; this solution often, but not always, consists of undergoing a gender transition. Clinical training lacks relevant information needed in order to adequately help transgender clients, which results in a large number of practitioners who are not prepared to sufficiently work with this population of individuals.
Those who seek help from these professionals often educate the professional without receiving help. Instead, therapists can support their clients in whatever steps they choose to take to transition or can support their decision not to transition while also addressing their clients' sense of congruence between gender identity and appearance.
Acknowledgment of the lack of clinical training has increased; however, research on the specific problems faced by the transgender community in mental health has focused on diagnosis and clinicians' experiences instead of transgender clients' experiences. Prior to the seventh version of the Standards of Care SOCan individual had to be diagnosed with gender identity disorder in order to proceed with hormone treatments or sexual reassignment surgery.
The new version decreased the focus on diagnosis and instead emphasized the importance of flexibility in order to meet the diverse health care needs of transsexual, transgender, and all gender-nonconforming people. The reasons for seeking mental health services vary according to Mujer transgenero heterosexual definition individual. A transgender person Mujer transgenero heterosexual definition treatment does not necessarily mean their gender identity is problematic.
The emotional strain of dealing with stigma and experiencing transphobia pushes many transgender people to seek treatment to improve their quality of life, as one trans woman reflected: It has to do because they've had to hide, they've had to lie, and they've felt all of this guilt and shame, unfortunately usually for years!
Problems still remain surrounding misinformation about transgender issues that hurt transgender people's mental health experiences.