If left untreated, sexually transmitted infections STIsoften called sexually transmitted diseases STDscan cause severe health problems.
Many STIs have no symptoms or very nonspecific symptoms, which can make them hard to notice. The stigma around STIs also discourages some people from getting tested.
But testing is the only way to know for sure if Sexual diseases test have an STI.
The safest choice is to get tested. There are a number of different STIs. To learn which ones you should be tested for, talk to your doctor. They may encourage Sexual diseases test to be tested for one or more of the following:. Ask which tests they plan to do and why. Taking care of your sexual health is nothing to be shy about. The more honest you are, the better treatment you can receive. Your doctor should screen for STIs, among other things, at your first prenatal visit.
In particular, you should always tell them if you engage in anal sex. Your doctor might recommend an anal Pap smear to screen for precancerous or cancerous cells, which are linked to Sexual diseases test human papillomavirus HPV. Where you go is a matter of personal preference. Several STIs are notifiable diseases.
That means your doctor is legally required to report positive results to the government. The government tracks information about STIs to inform public health initiatives. Depending on your sexual history, your doctor may order a variety of tests to check you for STIs, including blood tests, urine tests, swabs, or physical exams.
Most STIs can be tested for using urine or blood samples. Your doctor can order urine or blood tests to check for:. It may also take a month or longer Sexual diseases test being exposed to certain STIs for blood tests to be reliable. If HIV is contracted, for example, it can take a couple of weeks to a few months for tests to detect the infection.
Many doctors use vaginal, cervical, or urethral swabs to check for STIs. If Sexual diseases test have anal sex, they may also take a rectal swab to check for infectious organisms in your rectum.
A Pap smear is a test that looks for early signs of cervical or anal cancer. Women and men who engage in anal sex can also develop anal Sexual diseases test from HPV infections.
A normal Pap smear result says nothing about whether or not you have an STI.
Many abnormal Pap smears resolve without treatment. If you have an abnormal Pap smear, your doctor may recommend HPV testing. About 14 million Americans contract HPV each year, and most sexually active people will get at least one type of HPV at some point in their lives.
Most of those people never develop cervical or anal cancer. Some STIs, such as herpes and genital wartscan be diagnosed through a combination of physical examination and other tests. Your doctor can conduct a physical exam to look for sores, bumps, and other signs of STIs. They can also take samples from any questionable areas to send to a laboratory for testing.
If you engage in sex, you should also let them know about any changes on or around your anus and rectum. STIs are common, and testing is widely available. The tests can vary, depending on which STIs your doctor is checking for. Talk to your doctor about your sexual history and ask which tests you should get.
They can help you understand the potential benefits and risks of different STI tests. They can also recommend appropriate treatment options if you test positive for any STIs.
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