Chile has recognized civil unions since 22 October On 28 Januarythe National Congress approved a bill recognizing civil unions for same-sex and opposite-sex couples, offering some of the rights of marriage. The bill was signed into law on 13 April and was published in the Official Gazette on 21 April and took effect on 22 October A bill to this effect was introduced to the National Congress in Augustbut failed to pass before when a new Government was inaugurated.
This agreement and a January ruling by the IACHR, stating that countries signatory to the American Convention on Human Rights must legalise same-sex marriage, have put pressure on the new Government to legalise same-sex marriage. In Octobera civil union bill was introduced but failed to pass.
AVC was a civil unions agreement that would be open to any two people regardless of sex. This would give unmarried partners many of the rights now enjoyed only by married couples, such as inheritance Estan de acuerdo con la adopcion homosexual relationships certain social welfare and health care benefits. On 5 Augusta Senate committee approved the civil unions bill. The bill went to a final vote before both the Senate and the Chamber of Deputies as it was amended. On 20 Januarythe Chamber approved the bill on a vote of 86 to 23 with 2 abstentions.
On 27 January, the Senate rejected all the Chamber's amendments, so the bill was headed to the joint committee of both houses.
The bill was passed in both houses on 28 January Chile's civil union provisions enable couples to claim pension benefits and inherit property if their civil partner dies as well as more easily co-own property and make medical decisions for one another.
The Government estimated at the time of the law going into effect that some two million Chilean couples cohabiting could have their unions legally recognised.
In the day following the law going into effect, approximately 1, couples signed up to register their unions. On 1 Decemberthe Chamber of Deputies unanimously approved except for 6 abstentions a bill to give couples who enter in a civil union five days off, like couples who marry have. From January to December7, civil unions were performed in Chile.
Of these, 16, were opposite-sex couples or Michelle Bachelet declared on 11 April that she supports same-sex marriage and would seek to legalise it if Estan de acuerdo con la adopcion homosexual relationships president in the November presidential elections.
Bachelet, who was previously president of Chile between andwon the election on 15 December The group suggested that they would drop their case if Bachelet's Congress keeps their promise to legislate same-sex marriage. The Government announced that they would drop their opposition to same-sex marriage.
A formal agreement between the two parties and the Inter-American Commission of Human Rights was signed in April On 1 Julythe Government announced that it would begin consultations on a same-sex marriage bill in Septemberwith the aim of finalising it by mid and said it views a ban on same-sex marriage as a human rights violation.
On 19 NovemberChile held parliamentary elections and the first round of the presidential election. The Constitution, Legislation, Justice and Regulation committee of the Senate began examining the bill on 27 November Participants included many lawmakers and diplomats, including presidential candidate Alejandro Guillier.
In early Aprilthe Inter-American Commission of Human Rights summoned the Chilean Government to a meeting to address the status of the measures included in the friendly agreement reached in April The meeting took place in the Dominican Republic on 3 May The Government informed the Commission of the situation as to the same-sex marriage bill, and what position it intended to take. In response to the proposed legislation and potential legal battles brewing in the country's Constitutional Courtmembers of Chile's Independent Democrat Union introduced a constitutional amendment on 11 Augustthat sought to define marriage as the union of a man and a woman.
On 16 Junetwo Independent Democratic Union MPs introduced a bill to amend the Constitution to ban same-sex marriage and prohibit same-sex couples from adopting. Chile's Constitutional Court heard arguments on 28 Julyregarding the constitutionality of Article of the Civil Code that bans same-sex marriage,  but it ruled in a vote on November 3 that the ban was not unconstitutional.
A formal agreement was signed in April and the case continued according to MOVILH's lawyer who stated that the lawsuit would live on until Chile enacts a same-sex marriage law. The Court argued that Chilean legislation not allow for same-sex marriages and as such the Civil Registry can not marry same-sex couples. Furthermore, the Court explained that opening marriage to same-sex couples should not be decided by the judiciary but by the other branches of government.