Humans, like chemicals, are really all about bonds. Atomic hookups about all the relationships in your life. You're a casual acquaintance to some people, a colleague or friend to others, and maybe more to that someone special. Maybe you're dating someone casually, Atomic hookups you're in a committed relationship, or you're married. There are all kinds of different combinations of people out there.
And sometimes, you know, people fall for a "Atomic hookups" or a werewolf. Who am I to judge? Fact is, each type of relationship requires different things from you and the other person, but if you play your cards right, these relationships allow you to relax and escape the stresses that come with the constant search for affection.
Distance is important in relationships too, of course; too much distance makes it hard to stay focused on each other and requires a lot of effort to keep things together, and I may not have to tell you, too little distance can Atomic hookups a problem as well. Everyone needs their space, when you don't have any, you just end up pushing away from whatever's crowding you.
In this way, atoms are a lot like us. We call their relationships bonds, just like we do with our own relationships. And there are many Atomic hookups types. Each kind of atomic relationship requires a different type of energy, but they all do best when they settle into the lowest-stress situation possible.
The nature of the bond between atoms is related to the distance between them, and, like people and vampires and werewolves, I supposeit also depends on how positive or negative they are. The difference is that, unlike human relationships, we can analyze exactly what makes different kinds of chemical relationships work. And that's what this episode is all about. But, people, please remember that we here at Crash Course do not dispense relationship advice.
Well, like everything else in the universe, atoms do whatever they can to reduce their overall energy, and they reach their lowest energy by achieving a balance between attractive and repulsive forces, being neither too clingy nor too aloof. So when two atoms approach each other, the Atomic hookups of each are attracted to the protons of the other.
This is the electrostatic force. Like charges repel, opposites "Atomic hookups," like in real life, or at least Paula Abdul songs. Atomic hookups know, I'm old. So when one atom is attracted to another, just like Edward Cullen and Bella in chemistry class, to use a slightly more timely reference, it gets stressed out by the attractive force and tries to relieve Atomic hookups stress by getting closer.
We've all been there, right? That hot, nerdy vampire girl in your chemistry class?
Atomic hookups It's just, it's intense. The pull is so strong that the stress level or energy rises when the two are separated, so they stay close.
But sometimes, they can get a little too close. When that happens, the nuclei repel each other because of their charges, and the energy between them rapidly increases and they both back off, just enough to find that perfect little distance between them, and everyone relaxes.
This ideal, wonderful distance is the bond length. It's the distance between two nuclei at the point of minimum energy. In other words, where the attractive and repulsive forces cancel each other out.
The distance at which these two atoms of chlorine reach their minimum Atomic hookups, caught between the attraction of the electrons, the nucleus, and the protons repelling the nuclei, is the bond length.
That distance is the bond length of Cl2, chlorine gas. Now Atomic hookups the electrons are attracted to both nuclei in the molecule, they actually spend the majority of their time in the space between them. This is often described as sharing electrons, and we call this kind of bond a covalent bond. But not all sharing is equal. I have an older brother. The strength with which an atom holds shared electrons is called its electronegativity.