He is among the most influential and acclaimed figures in the history of jazz and 20th century music. Davis adopted a variety of musical directions in a five-decade career that kept him at the forefront of many major stylistic developments in jazz.
Born and raised in Illinois, Davis left his studies at The Juilliard School in New York City and made his professional debut as a member of saxophonist Charlie Parker 's bebop quintet from to Shortly after, he recorded the Birth of the Cool sessions for Capitol Recordswhich were instrumental to the development of cool jazz.
In the early s, Davis recorded some of the earliest hard bop music while on Prestige Records but did so haphazardly due to a heroin addiction. After a widely acclaimed comeback performance at the Newport Jazz Festival inhe signed a long-term contract with Columbia Records and recorded the album 'Round About Midnight. During this period, he alternated between orchestral jazz collaborations with arranger Gil Evanssuch El tony williams dating nake the Spanish-influenced Sketches of Spainand band recordings, such as Milestones and Kind of Blue P and Miles Smiles before transitioning into his electric period.
During the s, he experimented with rock, funk, African rhythmsemerging electronic music technologyand an ever-changing line-up of musicians, including keyboardist Joe Zawinuldrummer Al Fosterand guitarist John McLaughlin. After a five-year retirement due to poor health, Davis resumed his career in the s, employing younger musicians pop sounds on albums such as The Man with the Horn and Tutu Critics were generally but the decade garnered the trumpeter his highest level of commercial recognition.
He performed sold-out concerts worldwide while branching out into visual arts, film, and television work, before his death in from the combined effects of a stroke, pneumonia and respiratory failure. They owned a acre estate near Pine BluffArkansas with a profitable pig farm. In Pine Bluff, he and his siblings fished, hunted, and rode horses.
They lived on the second floor of a commercial building behind a dental office in a predominantly white neighborhood. From toDavis attended John Robinson Elementary School, an all-black school,  then Crispus Attucks, where he performed well in mathematics, music, and sports. InDavis received his first trumpet as a gift from John Eubanks, a friend of his father. Davis said that whenever he started playing with heavy vibrato, Buchanan slapped his knuckles.
Just right in the middle. If I can't get that sound I can't play anything. On his thirteenth birthday his father bought him a new trumpet,  and Davis began to play in local bands. He took additional trumpet lessons from Joseph Gustat, principal El tony williams dating nake of the St. Inthe year-old attended East St. Louis Lincoln High Schoolwhere he joined the marching band directed by Buchanan and entered music competitions.
Years later, Davis said that if he lost a contest, it was because of racismbut he added that these experiences made him a better musician. With encouragement from his teacher and girlfriend, Davis filled a vacant spot in the Rhumboogie Orchestra, also known as the Blue Devils, led by Eddie Randle.
He became the band's musical director, which involved hiring musicians and scheduling rehearsal.
He said later, "I didn't talk to her for two weeks. And I didn't go with the band El tony williams dating nake. During the next month, his girlfriend gave birth to a daughter, Cheryl. In JulyBilly Eckstine visited St. Trumpeter Buddy Anderson was too sick to perform,  so Davis was invited to join.
He played with the band for two weeks at Club Riviera. Davis had other interests. The other regulars included J. Davis reunited with Cawthon and their daughter when they moved to New York City. Parker became a roommate. In mid, Davis failed to register for the year's autumn term at Juilliard and dropped out after three semesters    because he wanted to perform full-time.
He recorded for the first time on April 24, when he entered the studio as a sideman for Herbie Fields 's band. Inhe replaced Dizzy Gillespie in Charlie Parker's quintet.
On November 26, Davis participated in several recording sessions as part of Parker's group Reboppers that also involved Gillespie and Max Roach displaying hints of the style he would become known for. In Parker's song " Now's the Time ", Davis played a solo that anticipated cool jazz. He then joined a big band led by Benny Carterperforming in St.
Louis and remaining with the band in California.
He again played with Parker and Gillespie. Cawthon gave birth to Davis's second child, Gregory, in East St.