The excellence of the order of priests in the Church has already been recalled to the minds of all by this sacred synod. What is said here applies to all priests, especially those devoted to the care of souls, with suitable adaptations being made for priests who are religious.
Priests by sacred ordination and mission which they receive from the bishops are promoted to the service of Christ the Teacher, Priest and King. They share in his ministry, a ministry whereby the Church here on earth is unceasingly built up into the People of God, the Body of Christ and the Temple of the Holy Spirit. Therefore, in order that their ministry be carried on more effectively and their lives be better provided for, in pastoral and human circumstances which very often change so profoundly, this sacred
Presbyterorum ordinis latino dating declares and decrees as follows.
The Lord Jesus, "whom the Father "Presbyterorum ordinis latino dating" sent into the world" Jn The same Lord, however, has established ministers among his faithful to unite them together in one body in which, "not all the members have the same function" Rom These ministers in the society of the faithful are able by the sacred power of orders to offer sacrifice and to forgive sins, 5 and they perform their priestly office publicly for men in the name of Christ.
Therefore, having sent the apostles just as he himself been sent by the Father, 6 Christ, through the apostles themselves, made their successors, the bishops, 7 sharers in his consecration and mission. The office of their ministry has been handed down, in a lesser degree indeed, to the priests. The office of priests, since it is connected with the episcopal order, also, in its own degree, shares the authority by which Christ builds up, sanctifies and rules his Body.
Wherefore the priesthood, while indeed it presupposes the sacraments of Christian initiation, is conferred by that special sacrament; through it priests, by the anointing of the Holy Spirit, are signed with a special character and are conformed to Christ the Priest in such a way that they can act in the person of Christ the Head.
In the measure in which they participate in the office of the apostles, God gives priests a special grace to be ministers of Christ among the people. They perform the sacred duty of preaching the Gospel, so that the offering of the people can be made acceptable and sanctified by the Holy Spirit.
All belonging to this people, since they have been sanctified by the Holy Spirit, can offer themselves as "a sacrifice, living, holy, pleasing to God" Rom Through the ministry of the priests, the spiritual sacrifice of the faithful is made perfect in union with the sacrifice of Christ. He is the only mediator who in the name of the whole Church is offered sacramentally in the Eucharist and in an unbloody manner until the Lord himself comes.
Their ministry, which begins with the evangelical proclamation, derives its power and force from the sacrifice of Christ. Its "Presbyterorum ordinis latino dating" is that "the entire commonwealth of the redeemed and the society of the saints be offered to God through the High Priest who offered himself also for us in his passion that we might be the body of so a Head.
The purpose, therefore, which priests pursue in their ministry and by their life is to procure the glory Presbyterorum ordinis latino dating God the Father in Christ. That glory consists in this-that men working freely and with a grateful spirit receive the work of God made perfect in Christ and then manifest it in their whole lives.
Hence, priests, while engaging in prayer and adoration, or preaching the word, or offering the Eucharistic Sacrifice and administering the other sacraments, or performing other works of the ministry for men, devote all this energy to the increase of the glory of God and to man's progress in the divine life. All of this, since it comes from the Pasch of Christ, will be crowned by the glorious coming of the same Lord, when he hands over the Kingdom to God the Father. Priests, who are taken from among men and ordained for men in the things that belong to God in order to offer gifts and sacrifices for sins, 15 nevertheless live on earth with other men as brothers.
The Lord Jesus, the Son of God, a Man sent by the Father to men, dwelt among us and willed to become like his brethren in all things except sin. However, they are not to be separated from the People of God or from any person; Presbyterorum ordinis latino dating they are to be totally dedicated to the work for which the Lord has chosen them.
But they cannot "Presbyterorum ordinis latino dating" of service to men if they remain strangers to the life and conditions of men. They are to live as good shepherds that know their sheep, and they are to seek to lead those who are not of this sheepfold that they, too, may hear the voice of Christ, so that there might be one fold and one shepherd. The Apostle Paul commends them saying: The People of God are joined together primarily by the word of the living God.
Through the saving word the spark of faith is lit in the hearts of unbelievers, and fed in the hearts of the faithful. This is the way that the congregation of faithful is started and grows, just as the Apostle describes: To all men, therefore, priests are debtors that the truth of the Gospel 6 which they have may be given to others. And so, whether by entering into profitable dialogue they bring people to the worship of God, 7 whether by openly preaching they proclaim the mystery of Christ, or whether in the light of Christ they treat contemporary problems, they are relying not on their own wisdom for it is the word of Christ they teach, and it is to conversion and holiness that they exhort all men.
In order that it might more effectively move men's minds, the word of God ought not to be explained in a general and Presbyterorum ordinis latino dating way, but rather by applying the lasting truth of the Gospel to the particular circumstances of life.
The ministry of the word is carried out in many ways, according to the various needs of those who hear and the special gifts of those who preach. In areas or communities of non-Christians, the proclaiming of the Gospel draws men to faith and to the sacraments of salvation. They are precisely sacraments of faith, a faith which is born of and nourished by the word. In this offering the faithful are united both by their dispositions and by their discernment of the sacrament.
God, who alone is holy and who alone bestows holiness, willed to take as his companions and helpers men who would humbly dedicate themselves to the work of sanctification. Hence, through the ministry of the bishop, God consecrates priests, that being made sharers by special title in the priesthood of Christ, they might act as his ministers in performing sacred functions.
In the liturgy they continue to carry on his priestly office by the action of his Spirit. In administering all sacraments, as St. Ignatius Martyr 13 has borne witness from the early days of the Church, priests by various titles are bound together hierarchically with the bishop.
And so in a certain way they make him present in every congregation. The other sacraments, as well as with every ministry of the Church and every work of the apostolate, are tied together with the Eucharist and are directed toward it.
In this light, the Eucharist shows itself as the source and the apex of the whole work of preaching the Gospel. Those under instruction are introduced by stages to a sharing in the Eucharist, and the faithful, already marked with the seal of Baptism and Confirmation, are through the reception of the Eucharist fully joined to the Body of Christ.
Thus the Eucharistic Action, over which the priest presides, is the very heart of the congregation. So priests must instruct their people to offer to God the Father the Divine Victim in the Sacrifice of the Mass, and to join to it Presbyterorum ordinis latino dating offering of their own lives. In the spirit of Christ the Shepherd, they must prompt their people to confess their sins
Presbyterorum ordinis latino dating a contrite heart in the sacrament of Penance, so that, mindful of his words "Repent for the kingdom of God is at hand" Mt 4: Priests likewise must instruct their people to participate in the celebrations of the sacred liturgy in such a way that they become proficient in genuine prayer.
They must coax their people on to an ever more perfect and constant spirit of prayer for every grace and need.
They must gently persuade everyone to the fulfillment of the duties of his state of life, and to greater progress in responding in a sensible way to the evangelical counsels. Finally, they must train the faithful to sing hymns and spiritual songs in their hearts to the Lord, always giving thanks to God the Father for all things in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ.
Priests themselves extend Presbyterorum ordinis latino dating the other hours of the day the praise and thanksgiving of the Eucharistic celebration in praying the Divine Office, offered in the name of the Church for all the people entrusted to their care, and indeed for the whole world. The house of prayer in which the Most Holy Eucharist is celebrated and reserved, where the faithful gather and where the presence of the Son of God, our Savior, offered for us on the altar of sacrifice bestows strength and blessings on the faithful, must be spotless and suitable for prayer and sacred functions.
Exercising the office of Christ, the Shepherd and Head, and according to their share of his authority, priests, in the name of the bishop, gather the family of God together as a brotherhood enlivened by one spirit. They should act toward men, not as seeking to please them, 22 but in accord with the demands of Christian doctrine and life. They should teach them and admonish them as beloved sons, 23 according to the words of the Apostle: Priests therefore, as educators in the faith, must see to it either by themselves or through others that the faithful are led individually in the Holy Spirit to a development of their own vocation according to the Gospel, to a sincere and practical charity, and to that freedom with which Christ has made us free.
Also, Christians should be taught that they live not only for themselves, but, according to Presbyterorum ordinis latino dating demands of the new law of charity; as every man has received grace, he must administer the same to others. Although they have obligations toward all men, priests have a special obligation to the poor and weak entrusted to them, for our Lord himself showed that he was united to them, 28 and their evangelization is mentioned as a sign of messianic activity.
It is desirable that these join together in friendly meetings for mutual aid in leading more easily and fully and in a Christian manner a life that is often difficult. Priests should remember that all religious, both men and women, who certainly have a distinguished place in the house of the Lord, deserve special care in their "Presbyterorum ordinis latino dating" progress for the good of the whole Church.
Finally, and above all, priests must be solicitous for the sick and the dying, visiting them and strengthening them in the Lord. The office of pastor is not confined to the care of the faithful as individuals, but also in a true sense is extended to the formation of
Presbyterorum ordinis latino dating genuine Christian community.
Yet the spirit of the community should be so fostered as to embrace not only the local church, but also the universal Church. The local community should promote not only the care of its own faithful, but, filled with a missionary zeal, it should prepare also the way to Christ for all men.
In a special way, catechumens and the newly-baptized who must be educated gradually to know and to "Presbyterorum ordinis latino dating" the Christian life are entrusted to his care. No Christian community, however, is built up unless it has its basis and center in the celebration of the most Holy Eucharist; from this, therefore, all education to the spirit of community must take its origin.