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Abebe balcha wife sexual dysfunction


The Oromo people Oromo: They are the largest ethnic group in Ethiopia and represent The word Oromo appeared in European literature for the first time in and then slowly became common in the second half of the 20th century.


The Oromo people followed their traditional religion [11] and used the gadaa system of governance. The origins and prehistory of the Oromo people is unclear, in part because the Oromo people did not have a written history and instead passed on stories orally prior to the 16th century. Anthropologists and historians such as Herbert S. Lewis consider these sources to be fraught with biases, distortions and misunderstandings.

Abebe Abera*,Beletech Fenti,Temamen Tesfaye,Fikadu Balcha...

Historical linguistics and comparative ethnology studies suggest that the Oromo people probably originated around the lakes Shamo Chamo and Stephanie Chew Bahir. Abebe balcha wife sexual dysfunction aftermath of the sixteenth century Abyssinian—Adal war led to Oromos being able to occupy lands of the Ethiopian Empire and Adal Sultanate.

The first verifiable record mentioning the Oromo people by a European cartographer is in the map made by the Italian Fra Mauro inwhich uses the term "Galla". Galla was a term for a river and a forest, as well as for the pastoral people established in the highlands of southern Ethiopia. The historical evidence therefore suggests that the Oromo people were already established in the southern highlands in or before the 15th century, and that at least some Oromo people were interacting with other Ethiopian ethnic groups.

After Fra Mauro's mention, there is a profusion of literature about the peoples of this region including the Oromo, particularly mentioning their wars and resistance to religious conversion, primarily by European sea explorers, Christian missionaries as well as regional writers. The earliest primary account "Abebe balcha wife sexual dysfunction" Oromo ethnography is the 16th-century "History of Galla" by Christian monk Bahrey who comes from the Sidama country of Gammo, written in the Ge'ez language.

A journal published by International African Institute suggests it is an Oromo word adopted by neighbours for there is a word galla "wandering" in their language.

This term, stated Juxon Barton inwas in use for these people by Abyssinians and Arabs. Scholarship that followed Barton, states that the label Galla for them, in historic documents, is a Abebe balcha wife sexual dysfunction and has been translated by other ethnic groups as "pagan, savage, inferior, enemy", [10] [32] [33] and "heathen, that is non-Muslim".

Galla means "crowd", "foreigners" and carries derogatory connotation "ordinary, commoner" as opposed to moddai or "high descent". They traditionally identified themselves by one of their clans gosasand in contemporary times have used the common umbrella term of Oromo which connotes "free born people".

While Oromo people have lived in this region for a long time, the ethnic mixture of peoples who have lived here is unclear. Different groups have attempted to reconstruct a speculative origin theories, wherein either Oromo are presumed "heathen and expansionists who displaced another ethnic Abebe balcha wife sexual dysfunction, or the Oromo are presumed to be original people who were "displaced by others". However, persuasive evidence to support various speculations has been missing.

Historically, Afaan Oromo-speaking people used their own Gadaa system of governance. Oromos also had a number of independent kingdoms, which they shared with the Sidama people. The earliest known documented and detailed history of the Oromo people was by the Ethiopian monk Abba Bahrey who wrote Zenahu le Galla inthough the synonymous term Gallas was mentioned in maps [9] or elsewhere much earlier. These records suggest that the Oromo were pastoral people in their history, who stayed together.

Solomon Mekonnen Abebe,; Abera Balcha...

Their animal herds began to expand rapidly and they needed more grazing lands. They began migrating, not together, but after separating. They lacked kings, and had elected leaders called luba based on a gada system of government instead. By the late 16th century, two major Oromo confederations emerged: Afre and Sadaqawhich respectively refer to four and three in their language, with Afre emerging from four older clans, and Sadaqa out of three.

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According to Richard Pankhurstan Ethiopia historian, this migration is linked to the first incursions into inland Horn of Africa by Imam Ahmad ibn Ibrahim. Further, they acquired horses and their gada system helped coordinate well equipped Oromo warriors who enabled fellow Oromos to advance and settle into newer regions "Abebe balcha wife sexual dysfunction" in the s.

This expansion continued through the 17th century. Both peaceful integration and violent competition between Oromos and other neighboring ethnicities such as the AmharaSidamaAfar and the Somali affected politics within the Oromo community. This caused major redistribution of populations. The northern, eastern and western movement of the Oromos from the south around mirrored the large-scale expansion by Somalis inland. The — period also saw relocation of the Amhara peopleand helped influence contemporary ethnic politics in Ethiopia.

According to oral and literary evidence, Borana Oromo clan and Garre Somali clan mutually victimized each other in seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, particularly near their eastern borders. There were also periods of relative peace.

The Borana violence against their neighbors, states Schlee, was unusual and unlike their behavior inside their community where violence was considered deviant. Oromo, along with Sidama, were the main targets for slaves before the Abebe balcha wife sexual dysfunction. Warfare, kidnapping and judicial sentencing were some reasons for the enslavement of the Oromo people.

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