Jennifer teaches critical thinking, legal writing and research, business law and justice studies courses. She has a law degree.
Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. Login or Sign up. Group decisions are hard. Decisions involving important issues, like an individual's guilt or innocence, are even harder.
Hung juries illustrate just how hard decision making can be.
Sure, clear directions help. Opportunities to review presented facts and supporting evidence help, too. However, despite clear instructions and extensive evidence, a group consensus is not always attainable. A hung jury results when group consensus is stymied.
Consider the process of selecting a restaurant for dinner. Your group might set clear expectations Hung jury dating price, ambiance, and cuisine. You identify all qualifying restaurants and then the group decides. Sometimes you agree easily. Other times something intangible prevents a group consensus.
Human beings interpret and process information differently.
What tastes delicious to Jill might be too salty for Joe. Tolerable noise levels for Bill might be unbearable to Sue.
Seasoned fries might be perfect for Sam but too Hung jury dating for Frank. If your group requires everyone or most everyone to agree, there may be times you can't reach a consensus and decide to skip the event altogether. Hopefully, you still had dinner. Given individuals' fundamentally unique interpretations of information, it is not surprising that group decision-making challenges impact our court system, as well.
A hung jury Hung jury dating a legal term that describes a group of jurors individuals selected from an initial pool and intended to represent a cross-section and unbiased group of a defendant's peers who cannot reach a required consensus on the case they have been asked to decide.
Although the significance is typically much greater than a missed meal, the impact of irreconcilable points of view is the same. Jury sizes vary although federal juries usually consist of twelve membersand depend on both the type of case being tried and the specific law federal or state governing the case. During a trial, both sides of a case plaintiff and defense present their arguments and supporting evidence to the jury.
After arguments are presented, the jury is asked to deliberateor decide. During deliberations, jurors review the arguments made and the evidence shared. Jurors ask questions to clarify unclear points. In order for a trial to conclude, the jury must come to a conclusion. There is no running clock. The jury can take as much or as little time as it needs.
Our legal system distinguishes between civil and criminal cases. Civil cases address private disputes involving individuals or organizations. Criminal cases, which address acts viewed as harmful to society, are brought by Hung jury dating government. For civil cases, a hung jury means that the jury is unable to find in favor of either the plaintiff or the defendant. In a Hung jury dating trial, a hung jury means that the jury cannot decide if the defendant is guilty or innocent of the charges against him or her.
Depending on the nature of the case, the extent of required agreement among jurors varies. Some states require a unanimous decision for a criminal conviction; some states do not. Federal criminal cases typically require a unanimous jury decision. In some cases, though, a less-than-unanimous decision suffices.
Civil cases typically require some type of majority decision. There are many reasons for hung juries. Disagreement is often due to varying opinions on presented evidence, different impressions of involved parties plaintiff, defendant, witnesses and attorneysand varying personal perspectives and beliefs. Members of a jury are individuals who process information in unique ways. Just like a group of friends sometimes has agreeing, so does a jury. Get FREE access for 5 days, just create an account.
Once a jury indicates its inability to reach a required consensus, what happens? Will a judge force the jury to reach a conclusion? Are jurors destined to remain locked in the deliberation room until all parties agree? Hung juries are considered undesirable by many.
The lack of an answer is often frustrating, not to mention time-consuming and costly. As a result, in some cases a judge might ask the jury to try a bit longer. The term 'Allen charge' refers to instructions provided to a jury when, after initial deliberations, it cannot come to an agreement; in essence, the judge asks jurors to try again.
In other cases, the judge will immediately declare a mistrial and, when a judge does so, the trial ends and no judgment is rendered. Whether or not a judge instructs a jury to deliberate further, when all deliberations are complete and a jury cannot reach a required agreement despite its best efforts, a hung jury results and the presiding judge declares a mistrial.
In civil cases, a judge can direct that the case be tried again at some later point in time. In criminal cases, the prosecutor has discretion to decide whether or not to pursue a new trial. Hung jury dating
A deadlocked or hung jury Hung jury dating one that's unable to reach a required consensus in connection with the legal questions its been asked to Hung jury dating, even after sufficient opportunities to review all presented evidence in a case.
When a mistrial is declared, there is a possibility that a case civil or criminal will be retried. A new jury might be able to reach a consensus, even when an initial jury could not. Group decision making is often challenging and unpredictable. The work of juries in our judicial system is no exception.
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Add to Add to Add to. Want to watch this again later? In this lesson, we will learn what happens when a jury is unable to reach a required consensus. We'll also explore what the steps are in a case after there's a hung jury, and then you can Hung jury dating a quiz to measure your knowledge.
Hung Juries and the U. Judicial System Given individuals' fundamentally unique interpretations of information, it is not surprising that group decision-making challenges impact our court system, as well.