Ovarian teratoma is a type of germ cell tumour. Cancerous teratomas are rare, and usually affect girls and young women up to their early 20s. There are 2 main types of ovarian teratoma:. The mature teratoma is the most common type of ovarian germ cell tumour.
These cancers are rare. They are called immature because the cancer cells are at a very early stage of development.
Most immature teratomas of the ovary are cured, even if they are diagnosed at an advanced stage. The grade and stage of your cancer is very important because they help your specialist to decide what treatment you need.
The less developed the cells look, the higher the grade. Higher grade cancers grow more quickly than low grade.
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There are 3 different grades of immature teratoma. Generally, grade 1 teratomas are the slowest growing and least likely to spread. The stage of a cancer tells you how far it has grown.
In ovarian teratoma there are 4 stages,
Mature cystic teratoma 1 to Surgery and chemotherapy are the treatments doctors most often use for immature teratoma of the ovary.
During your surgery, the surgeon gynaecological oncologist will remove the affected ovary but your other ovary
Mature cystic teratoma be left. As most women with ovarian teratoma are young, doctors are aware that they may want to have children in the future and so will remove as little tissue as possible.
During the operation, the surgeon examines the inside of your abdomen and your abdominal organs for signs of cancer. They may take biopsies and send them to the lab to look for cancer cells. This all helps to make absolutely sure that the cancer hasn't spread. If you have a grade 1 immature teratoma that has not spread outside the ovary stage 1 then surgery is likely to cure it and you may not need chemotherapy. It is not uncommon to have tumour left behind. If there is any cancer left after you have had chemotherapy, you may have more surgery to remove it then.
Immature teratomas of the ovary can often be cured with a combination of surgery and chemotherapy, even if they have spread when they are diagnosed. Doctors use this combination because it is very good at preventing the teratoma from coming back.
You have this type of chemotherapy as several cycles of treatment. Each cycle lasts 3 weeks. You have several days of chemotherapy at the beginning of the cycle and then a break until the
Mature cystic teratoma of the next cycle. The chemotherapy doctors use for ovarian teratoma does not usually affect your fertility.
Women frequently have successful pregnancies after they have had this type of treatment. Coping with a diagnosis of cancer can be difficult, both practically and emotionally.
It can be especially difficult if you have
Mature cystic teratoma rare cancer. Being well informed about your cancer and its treatment can make it easier to make decisions and cope with what happens. Talking to other people who have the same thing can help. But it can be hard to find people who have had a rare type of cancer.
You can share experiences, stories and information with other people who know what you are going through. Or contact the Rare Cancer Alliance who offer support and information to people who have rare cancers. It is hard to organise and run trials for rare cancers. Getting enough patients is critical to the success of a trial. The results won't be strong
Mature cystic teratoma to prove that one type of treatment is better than another if the trial is too small.
They are designing trials that involve several countries so that more people will be available to enter trials.
Grading and staging ovarian teratoma
When you were first diagnosed, you would have had blood tests
Mature cystic teratoma may have shown up chemicals released by the cancer cells.
These are called markers. Not everyone with a teratoma has raised markers. But if you did when you were diagnosed, your specialist can use them to monitor your health at your follow up appointments.
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If they show up in your blood
Mature cystic teratoma, this could mean that the cancer has come back.
At your follow up appointments, your specialist will also examine you and ask how you are feeling. You may have CT scans from time to time, but not everyone needs these.
About Cancer generously supported by Dangoor Education since Call freephone or email us. Skip to main content. Ovarian cancer Types of ovarian cancer.
There are 2
Mature cystic teratoma types of ovarian teratoma: Immature teratomas Immature teratomas are Mature cystic teratoma diagnosed in girls and young women up to their early 20s.
Grading and staging ovarian teratoma The grade and stage of your cancer is very important because they help your specialist to decide what treatment you need.
In ovarian teratoma there are 4 stages, from 1 to 4: Surgery During your surgery, the surgeon gynaecological oncologist will remove the affected ovary but your other ovary will be left. Read about BEP chemotherapy.
Read more about having chemotherapy. Look at Cancer Chat. Find out more about the IRCI.
Mature cystic teratoma (MCT) is...
Search our clinical "Mature cystic teratoma" database for all cancer trials and studies recruiting in the UK. Mature cystic teratoma is one of the most common human germ cell tumors and is often found in the ovary in women of reproductive age.
Ovarian cystic. Although ovarian mature cystic teratomas are the commonest adnexal masses occurring in premenopausal women, there are many challenges. Mature cystic teratoma (MCT) is the most common neoplasm of the ovary and includes at least two well- differentiated germ cell layers. Different.
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