When they finally left, others smiled at me knowingly as I breathed a sigh of relief. Not only had I dodged the officers, but my actions had increased my street-cred among the regulars. I was indeed fortunate to have avoided contact with the police.
Sociology is the study of human social life. Sociology has many sub-sections of study, ranging from the analysis of conversations to the development of theories to try to understand how the entire world works. Research on the causes of homosexuality suggests that quizlet chapter will introduce you to sociology and explain why it is important, how it can change your perspective of the world around you, and give a brief history of the discipline. Sociology is a branch of the social sciences that uses systematic methods of empirical investigation and critical analysis to develop and refine a body of knowledge about human social structure and activity, sometimes with the goal of applying such knowledge to the pursuit of government policies designed to benefit the general social welfare.
Its subject matter ranges from the micro level to the macro level. Micro-sociology involves the study of people in face-to-face interactions. Macro-sociology involves the study of widespread social processes.
Sociology is a broad discipline in terms of both methodology and subject matter. Its traditional focuses have included social relations, social stratification, social interaction, culture and deviance, and its approaches have included both qualitative and quantitative research techniques.
As much of what humans do fits under the category of social structure or social activity, sociology has gradually expanded its focus to such far-flung subjects as the study of economic activity, health disparities, and even the role of social activity in the creation of scientific knowledge. The "cultural turn" of the s and s brought more humanistic interpretive approaches to the study of culture in sociology.
Conversely, the same decades saw the rise of new mathematically rigorous approaches, such as social network analysis. The social world is changing.
Some argue it is growing; others say it is shrinking. As will be discussed in more detail below, sociology has its roots in significant societal changes e. Early practitioners developed the discipline as an attempt to understand societal changes. Some early sociological theorists e. The founders of sociology were some of the earliest individuals to employ what C.
Wright Mills a prominent midth century American sociologist labeled the sociological imagination: As Mills saw it, the sociological imagination could help individuals cope with the social world by helping them to step outside of their personal, self-centric view of the world.
In employing the sociological imagination, people are able to see the events and structures that influence behavior, attitudes, and culture. The sociological imagination goes beyond armchair sociology or common sense.
Many people believe they understand the world and the events taking place within it, even though they have not actually engaged in a systematic attempt to understanding the social world, as sociologists do. Research on the causes of homosexuality suggests that quizlet like to attribute causes to events and attempt to understand what is taking place around them.
Just as sacrificing two goats to ensure the safe operation of a Boeing and propitiate Akash Bhairab, the Hindu sky god is an attempt to influence the natural world without first trying to understand how it works,  armchair sociology is an attempt to understand how the social world works without employing scientific methods. It would be inaccurate to say sociologists never sit around even sometimes in comfy armchairs trying to figure out how the world works.
But induction is just a first step in understanding the social world. In order to test their theories, sociologists get up from their armchairs and enter the social world. They gather data and evaluate their theories in light of the data they collect a. Sociologists do not just propose theories about how the social world works. Sociologists test their theories about how the world works using the scientific method. Sociologists, like all humans, have valuesbeliefsand even pre-conceived notions of what they might find in doing their research.
But, as Peter Bergera well-known sociologist, has argued, what distinguishes the sociologist from non-scientific researchers is that "[the] sociologist tries to see what is there. He may have hopes or fears concerning what he may find.
But he will try to see, regardless of his hopes or fears. It is thus an act of pure perception Sociology, then, is an attempt to understand the social world by situating "Research on the causes of homosexuality suggests that quizlet" events in their corresponding environment i.
Sociology is a relatively new academic discipline. It emerged in the early 19th century in response to the challenges of modernity. Increasing mobility and technological advances resulted in the increasing exposure of people to cultures and societies different from their own. The impact of this exposure was varied, but for some people included the breakdown of traditional norms and customs and warranted a revised understanding of how the world works.
Sociologists responded to these changes by trying to understand what holds social groups together and also exploring possible solutions to the breakdown of social solidarity. The term sociology was recoined by Auguste Comte in from the Latin term socius companion, associate and the Greek term logia study of, speech.
Comte hoped to unify all the sciences under sociology; he believed sociology held the potential to improve society and direct human activity, including the other sciences.