It is located in the southwestern corner of the state, and the population of the city was 93, at the censusup from the census population of 77, Yuma is located in the Sonoran DesertYuma Desert Local time yuma az. The area's first settlers for thousands of years were Native American cultures and historic tribes. Their descendants now occupy the Cocopah and Quechan reservations. InSpanish colonial expeditions under Hernando de Alarcon and Melchior Diaz visited the area and immediately recognized the natural crossing of the Colorado River as an ideal spot for a city.
The Colorado River narrows to slightly under 1, feet wide in one area. This was considered the gateway to California, as it was one of the few natural spots where travelers could cross the otherwise very wide Colorado River. Following the United States establishing Fort Yumatwo towns developed one mile downriver. The one on the California side was called Jaeger Citynamed after the owner of Jaeger's Ferry, which crossed the river there. It was for a time the larger of the two, with the Butterfield Overland Mail office and station, two blacksmiths, a hotel, two stores, and other dwellings.
The other was called Colorado City. Developed on the south side of the river in what is now Arizona by speculator Charles it was the site of the custom house. When started, it was just north of the border between Mexican-ruled Sonora, Mexico and California. This area was designated as the Territory of Arizona in The Colorado City site at the time was duly registered in San Diego ; "Local time yuma az" banks of the Colorado River just below its confluence with the Gila were recognized as being within the jurisdiction of California.
The county of San Diego collected taxes from there for many years. From a smaller settlement, Arizona Citygrew up on the high ground across from the fort and was organized under the name of its post office in It had adobe dwellings, two stores and two saloons. Colorado City and Jaeger City were almost completely destroyed by the Great Flood of and had to be rebuilt on higher ground.
At that time Colorado City became part of Arizona City. FromColorado City was the major steamboat stop for traffic up and down the Colorado River. After the flood, it became part of Arizona City.
The steamboats transported
Local time yuma az and equipment for the various mines and military outposts along the Colorado; Colorado City was the terminus of wagon traffic up the Gila River into New Mexico Territory. They offloaded the cargo from ships at the mouth of the Colorado River at Robinson's Landing and from at Port Isabel.
Fromthe Yuma Quartermaster Depottoday a state historic park, supplied all forts in present-day Arizona, as well as large parts of Colorado and New Mexico.
After Arizona became a separate territory, Yuma became the county seat for Yuma County inreplacing La Pazthe first seat. Yuma became the new base of navigation on the river, ending the need for Port Isabel, which was abandoned in The warehouses and shipyard there were moved to Yuma. The city of Yuma operates as a charter city under the Charter of the City of Yuma.
The Mayor of the City Local time yuma az Yuma acts as the chief executive officer of the city, and is elected for a period of four years. The mayor is elected from the city at large.
The mayor has the following powers and responsibilities: The mayor is also recognized as the official head of the city by the courts and has the power to take command of the police and govern the city by proclamation during times of great danger.
The City of Yuma City Council is the governing body of the City of Yuma and is vested with all powers Local time yuma az legislation in municipal affairs.
The council is composed of six council members elected from the city at large for four-year terms, as well as the Mayor of Yuma.
A deputy mayor is also elected by the Council who shall act as Mayor during the temporary absence of the mayor. The City Council appoints a city administrator who acts as the chief administrative officer of the city. The city administrator is directly responsible to the City Council for the administration of all city affairs placed in his charge by the City Charter, or by ordinances passed by the Council. Some of the administrator's duties include: Yuma is located near the borders of California to the west and Mexico to the south, and just west of the Gila River 's confluence with the Colorado.
The city is approximately 60 miles from the Gulf California Sea of Corteza branch of the Pacific. According to the United States Census Bureauthe city has a total area of Yuma is noted for its weather extremes.
Atmospheric humidity is usually very low except during what are called " Gulf surges ", when a maritime tropical air mass from the Gulf of California is drawn northward, usually in connection with the summer monsoon or the passage of a tropical storm to the south.
On average, Yuma receives 3. Even in the wettest year ofonly 7. The driest year Local time yuma az Yuma Airport has beenwith only 0.
On average, August and September are the wettest months of the year, while June is the driest. The crop that suffered the most damage was
Local time yuma az citrus on the Yuma mesa, most notably the lemon crop.
During July and August the temperature fails to reach the century mark on at most, only a few days. Inthe desert city sustained a full tropical storm after Hurricane Nora made landfall at the mouth of the Colorado River and quickly moved due north along This rare event cut power to 12, customers in Yuma, and dropped 3.
The last time a hurricane had hit near Yuma was in mid-Augustwhen similar falls were recorded. Local time yuma az of the census ofthere were 93, people. There were 38, housing units in Yuma city, The racial makeup of the city was As of the census ofthere were 77, people, 26, households, and 19, families residing in the city.
The population density was There were 34, housing units at an average density of There were 26, households out of which The average household size was 2. In the city, the population was spread out with The median age was 31 years.
For every females, there were For every females age 18 and over, there were High unemployment remains an issue in Yuma. Yuma is an Arizona Main Street City. The city is the location of the Marine Corps Air Station Yumawhich conducts an annual air show and many large-scale military exercises.
There is also the Yuma Proving Groundan Army base that tests new military equipment.
Yuma Proving Ground is also home to the Special Operations Local time yuma az Fall School, which provides training in free-fall parachute operations to Special Forces units in all branches of service, as well as those of other nations. The Colorado River runs along the north and west side of town, serving as the border between Arizona and California. Yuma is an important station for trucking industry movement of goods between California, Arizona and Mexico.
The Rialto movie theatre once owned a Kilgen pipe organ, one of the most expensive pipe organs to have been made. Originally played as accompaniment to silent films, it has been moved to the Yuma Theatre. A parade opens the events. Cowboys and cowgirls from all over the country compete in the festivities.
Yuma five public high schools: Yuma also has four charter high
Local time yuma az Yuma has two main elementary school districts, District One and Crane Districtwhich include several schools as well as junior high schools. Yuma has four charter elementary school: Additionally, Yuma has 6 six private elementary schools: Arizona Western College is Yuma's community college, serving primarily as a choice for transfer students and those with shorter career goals.
Northern Arizona University has a branch campus in Yuma, as does the for-profit University of Phoenix. A new main state-of-the-art library is now open.