It is located in the south-central part of the state. Pachuca de Soto is also the name of the municipality of which the city serves as municipal seat. It has been traced to the word pachoa strait; openingPachoacan place of government; place of silver and goldand patlachuican place of factories; place of tears. The official name of Pachuca is Pachuca de Soto in honor of congressman Manuel Fernando Soto, who is given credit for the creation of Hidalgo state.
Many of their descendants remain in Pachuca and nearby Real del Monteas well as two heritages that define the city, football and a dish called Here primitive mines to extract green obsidian, arrow heads, scraping tools, and mammoth remains can be traced back as far as 12, BCE. An ancient pre-Hispanic obsidian tool-making center has also been found in the small town of San Bartolo near the city.
Around 2, BCE nomadic groups here began to be replaced by sedentary peoples who formed farming villages in an area then known as Itzcuincuitlapilco, of which the municipality of Pachuca is a part.
Development of this area as a city, however, would lag behind other places in the region such TulancingoTula and Atotonilco El Grande but the archeological sites here were on the trade routes among these larger cities.
These conquests coalesced into a zone called Cuautlalpan, of which Pachuca was a part. Fortifications in the area of Pachuca city and other areas were built between and As early Pachuca de soto hidalgo mexico the population of the city had tripled to 2, with most people employed in mining in some way. Because of this rapid growth and the ruggedness of the terrain, it was impossible to lay out an orderly set of streets.
Next to the Cajas Reales Royal Safe was constructed to guard the fifth that belonged to the king. This caused Pachuca to grow even more with the discovery of new deposits and accelerated extraction processes. Mining operations spread to nearby areas such as AtotonilcoActopanand Tizayuca. The population of the town continued to grow, leading Pachuca to be declared a city in Mining output had waned by the 18th century due to flooding, but was revived in by the first Count of Regla, Pedro Romero de Terrerosand his business partner Jose Alejandro Bustamante, who invested in new drainage works.
During the Mexican War of Independencethe city was taken by Miguel Serrano and Vicente Beristain de Souza inwhich caused the mines here to be abandoned by owners loyal to Spain. The third Count of Regla brought the first Cornish miners and technology around Mining operations resumed inespecially in the Rosario mine. Mining operations were disrupted again by the Mexican Revolution in the early 20th century.
The city was first taken by forces loyal to Francisco I. Roberto Martinez y Martinez, a general under Pancho Villaentered the city in Both incursions were due to the economic importance of the mines here.
From to the United States Smelting, Refining and Mining Company was the primary producer here, with output reaching its peak in the s. However, bymining here had become too costly, because "Pachuca de soto hidalgo mexico" political instability, labor disputes and low prices for silver on the world market.